Tech Against Terrorism is a leading resource of research on the intersection between technology, terrorism, violent extremism and human rights. You can search for specific content using the tags below the articles.

Cover Title & Abstract Tags Author Links
Countering Online Hate Speech — "Hate speech online is situated at the intersection of multiple tensions: it is the expression of con icts between different groups within and across societies; it is a vivid example of how technologies with a transformative potential such as the Internet bring with them both opportunities and challenges; and it implies complex balancing between fundamental rights and principles, including freedom of expression and the defence of human dignity." Academia, Analysis, Regulation, Tech Responses, UN UNESCO
Regulating Internet Content: Challenges and Opportunities — Terrorist groups, like everyone else today, rely on the internet. Al-Qaeda in Iraq made its name disseminating hostage beheading videos. Omar Hammami became a Twitter star for the Somali jihadist group al-Shabaab. The Islamic State put all this on steroids, producing and disseminating thousands of videos in Arabic, English, French, Russian and other languages to reach Muslims around the world. Academia, Tech Responses, Terrorism
Digital Decay: Tracing Change Over Time Among English-Language Islamic State Sympathizers on Twitter — Until 2016, Twitter was the online platform of choice for English-language Islamic State (IS) sympathizers. As a result of Twitter’s counter-extremism policies - including content removal - there has been a decline in activity by IS supporters. This outcome may suggest the company’s efforts have been effective, but a deeper analysis reveals a complex, nonlinear portrait of decay. Such observations show that the fight against IS in the digital sphere is far from over. In order to examine this change over time, this report collects and reviews 845,646 tweets produced by 1,782 English-language pro-IS accounts from February 15, 2016 to May 1, 2017. This study finds that Twitter’s policies hinder sympathizers on the platform, but counter-IS practitioners should not overstate the impact of these measures in the broader fight against the organization online.

Academia, Tech Responses, Terrorism
Countering Islamic State Messaging Through “Linkage-Based” Analysis — The Islamic State’s recent losses on the battlefield, including significant casualties within its media and propaganda division, offer a unique opportunity to inject competing and alternative messages into the information space. This paper proposes that the content of such messages should be guided by a linkage-based analysis of existing Islamic State messaging. A linkage-based analysis of a top-level 2017 audio message by Islamic State spokesperson Abu Hasan al Muhajir offers several potential insights into crafting effective content for competing and alternative messages. A comparison of the 2017 work to earlier Islamic State messaging also reveals specific opportunities to undermine the credibility of the organisation’s broader propaganda programme by highlighting the organisation’s repeated failure to follow through on its extravagantly promised commitment to achieving its stated goals.

Academia, Counterterrorism
Deconstruction of Identity Concepts in Islamic State Propaganda — In a March 2017 paper published by the International Centre for CounterTerrorism—The Hague, this author introduced a framework for studying the construction of extremist identity through ideological texts. This paper will examine the framework against a historical example of the so-called Islamic State (IS) propaganda to illustrate how messaging strategies can be based on insights derived
from the framework and the resulting analysis.
Academia, Counterterrorism
ICSR / VOX-Pol Paper – Research Perspectives on Online Radicalisation: A Literature Review 2006-2016 — This literature review seeks to recalibrate our understanding of online radicalisation, how it is conceptualised within the literature and the extent to which the policy debate has advanced in response to technological and legal developments. Academia, Propaganda, Terrorism